Know Your Pest :

Bedbug :

Bed bugs have been around for thousands of years. The common bedbug, Cimex lectularius, is the most infamous human parasite that feeds on human blood. Bed bugs are most active at night. Their name "bed bug" is derived from the insect's preferred habitat of beds or other areas where people sleep. At some point in the early 1940s, they were mostly eradicated in the developed world, but have recently increased in prevalence since 1995.

Bedbug Identification

Bedbug Adults

Bedbug Nymphs

Bedbug Eggs

Female bed bug lays 5-8 eggs per day. Eggs of bed bugs are laid individually or in clusters and are cemented to wood, fabrics, or other surface in places where the bed bugs normally hide. Eggs hatch in 6 to 17 days. Eggs are tiny white specs and are very difficult to see. This is often why an infestation only becomes visible in its more severe stages.

Bed Bug Life Cycle :

Female bed bug lays between 200 and 500 Eggs in her lifetime. After hatching an egg becomes a Nymph or "Baby Bed Bug" and undergoes five (5) molting stages called Instrars before becoming a reproductively mature adult (4 weeks to 5 months depending on conditions; on average 5 weeks at room temperature). A bed bug must feed in order to develop into the next stage. After each bloodmeal the instar will molt. Each instar will molt 5-6 times before becoming an adult bedbug. Adult bedbugs can live 10 or more months without bloodmeal.


Cockroaches are insects of the order Blattodea, sometimes called Blattaria, of which about 30 species out of 4,600[1] total are associated with human habitats. About four species are well known as pests.

Among the best-known pest species are the American cockroachPeriplaneta americana, which is about 30 mm (1.2 in) long; the German cockroachBlattella germanica, about 15 mm (0.59 in) long; the Asian cockroachBlattella asahinai, also about 15 mm (0.59 in) in length; and the Oriental cockroachBlatta orientalis, about 25 mm (0.98 in). Tropical cockroaches are often much bigger, and, contrary to popular opinion, extinct cockroach relatives and 'roachoids' such as the CarboniferousArchimylacris and the Permian Apthoroblattina were not as large as the biggest modern species.

Female cockroaches are sometimes seen carrying egg cases on the end of their abdomens; the egg case of the German cockroach holds about 30 to 40 long, thin eggs in a case called an ootheca. The egg capsule may take more than five hours to lay and is initially bright white in color. The eggs are hatched from the combined pressure of the hatchlings gulping air. The hatchlings are initially bright white nymphs and continue inflating themselves with air, becoming harder and darker within about four hours. Their transient white stage while hatching and later while molting has led many to claim the existence of albino cockroaches.


Termites are a group of eusocial insects that were classified at the taxonomic rank of order Isoptera (see taxonomy below), but are now classified either as the infraorderIsoptera, or as epifamiliy Termitoidae within the cockroach order Blattodea.[1][2] While termites are commonly known, especially in Australia, as "white ants," they are not closely related to the ants.

Like ants, and some bees and wasps all of which are placed in the separate order Hymenoptera termites divide labor among castes, produce overlapping generations and take care of young collectively. Termites mostly feed on dead plant material, generally in the form of wood, leaf litter, soil, or animal dung, and about 10% of the estimated 4,000 species (about 3,106 taxonomically known) are economically significant as pests that can cause serious structural damage to buildings, crops or plantation forests. Termites are major detritivores, particularly in the subtropical and tropical regions, and their recycling of wood and other plant matter is of considerable ecological importance.